Tuesday, July 26, 2022

The Art of Note - Making

Purpose of Note - Making

• To revise lessons before examinations.
• To write a report or any composition 
• To plan a speech or any lecture.
• To convey any message only by giving important details.
• To make presentation 
• To summarize the text that you have read.

Steps to make proper notes:-

Step 1: Notice the important information that has been underlined.
Step 2: Read the passage again asking yourself questions and answering them as you read.
Step 3: With the help of the answers note down the main points. Write the points without full forms of the verbs.
Notice: Two or three related ideas can be combined into one point.
• Use of colons
• Use of the long dash
Step 4: Now go over the facts and number them.
Step 5: Finally we go over the facts and number them again.

Characteristics of Note-Making

Notes need not be written in grammatically correct sentences.
Notes are much shorter than original text.
The main points and the supporting details are distinguished.
Many unimportant words, helping words etc. are usually dropped out.
Information is condensed by using symbols, abbreviations, shorter words etc.
Try not to exceed 5 words in every heading and supporting points.
Try to complete the notes within 4 to 5 headings.
Notes should be presented in a systematic manner that brings out the structure of the original text.
Headings and supporting details are numbered.
Finally, the summary is prepared on the basis of the notes. It should not exceed the limit of 80 words.

Prepositions - Explanation with Examples

Prepositions: Words that show the relationship between two nouns are called prepositions.
• These are generally placed before nouns or pronouns.
For example: She is living in Delhi.

Types of prepositions:-
1. Preposition of place:-
Example: I live at Kolkata in India.

2. Preposition of direction:-
Example: The dog ran towards the cat.

3. Preposition of transport:-
Example: I go to school by my bike.

4. Preposition of time:-
Example: I shall go to bed at 10 pm.

5. Preposition of source:-
Example: We bought these apples from the market.

6. Preposition of reason:-
Example: I am working hard for earning name and fame.

Some important distinctions:-

• by and with
eg. The cake was cut by Rahul (doer) with a knife (instrument).

• between- among
between (for two persons / things)
e.g. The property was divided between the two sons,
among (for more than two)
e.g. Sweets were distributed among children..

• beside - besides 

beside (by the side of)
e.g. The king sat beside the queen. 
besides (in addition to)
e.g. Besides a scooter, he owns a car.

• on-upon

on (fppor things at rest)
e.g. The cat sat on the table.
e.g. The cat jumped upon the table

 • in-into

in (for position)
e.g. He is in bed.
into (with verbs of motion)
e.g. He went into the room.

Wednesday, July 13, 2022


I. Fill in the blanks with appropriate adverbs of time:-
(Answer key at the end)

1. The minister received red carpet though he arrived ____.

2. The meeting will take place in the conference hall ____.

3. The delegates have ____ arrived here.

4. Mahesh will resign ____ from his post.

5. You can leave ____ to your home.

Answer key:-
1. Late
2. Today/tomorrow/day after tomorrow.
3. Now
4. Soon
5. Now

II. Fill in the blanks with appropriate adverb of place .
(Answer key at the end )

1. The family went ____ to do the worship.

2. The bird flew ____ as it saw the hunter.

3. We all came ____ on hearing the noise.

4. She went ____ for higher education.

Answer key:-
1. In
2. Up
3. Outside 
4. Abroad