Sunday, January 21, 2024

Tea from Assam by Arup Kumar Dutta - Glimpses of India NCERT Class 10 Q&A Sloved Summary and Explanation

 Summary of 'Tea From Assam'

The story follows two boys, Pranjol and Rajvir, traveling by train through tea country in India. Rajvir is fascinated by the scenery and history of tea, sharing legends and facts about its origins and global popularity. Pranjol, from a tea plantation family, seems less impressed but reveals the local industry details. As they arrive at Pranjol's father's tea estate, Dhekiabari, Rajvir's enthusiasm remains while Pranjol reconnects with his familiar surroundings. The story ends with Rajvir eager to learn more about tea life on the estate.

In summary, the story captures the contrasting perspectives of two friends experiencing tea country, one with knowledge and excitement, the other with familiarity and practicality. It introduces the reader to the world of tea plantations and hints at future exploration of life on the estate.

Comprehension Questions(Extra)

  1. Where are Pranjol and Rajvir heading to on the train?

    Pranjol and Rajvir are travelling to Assam, which is known for its tea plantations.

  2. According to Rajvir, how much tea is consumed worldwide daily?

    Over eighty crore cups of tea are drunk every day throughout the world.

  3. How does Pranjol initially react to the scenery of tea bushes?

    Pranjol, being from a plantation, isn't excited by the tea bushes; he finds them ordinary.

  4. What are two legends Rajvir mentions about the discovery of tea?

    -One legend involves a Chinese emperor and leaves falling into his boiling water.
    -Another legend talks about Buddhist ascetic Bodhidharma and tea plants growing from his eyelids.

  5. Where and when was tea first consumed according to the text?

    Tea was first drunk in China as far back as 2700 B.C.

  6. What name is given to the type of tea being harvested when they arrive at the estate?

    The type of tea being harvested is the second-flush tea, which occurs from May to July and yields the best quality.

  7. Why does Pranjol's father say Rajvir has done his homework?

    Pranjol's father says Rajvir has done his homework because he demonstrates knowledge about tea history and production.

  8. What does Pranjol's father do for a living?

    Pranjol's father is the manager of the Dhekiabari Tea Estate.

  9. Describe the appearance of the Dhekiabari Tea Estate.

    The Dhekiabari Tea Estate is described as vast, with acre upon acre of neatly pruned tea bushes, gravel roads, and groups of tea-pluckers working among the plants.

  10. What does Rajvir hope to achieve during his visit?

    Rajvir hopes to learn much more about tea, possibly beyond what he has already read, during his stay at the tea estate.

Thinking About The Language

1. Look at these words: upkeep, downpour, undergo, dropout, walk-in. They are built up from a verb (keep, pour, go, drop, walk) and an adverb or a particle (up, down, under, out, in). Use these words appropriately in the sentences below. You may consult a dictionary.

(i) A heavy down-pour has been forecast due to low pressure in the Bay of Bengal.
(ii) Rakesh will under-go major surgery tomorrow morning.
(iii) My brother is responsible for the up-keep of our family property.
(iv) The drop-out rate for this accountancy course is very high.
(v) She went to the Enterprise Company to attend a walk-in interview.

2. Now fill in the blanks in the sentences given below by combining the verb given in brackets with one of the words from the box as appropriate. 
over - by - through - out - up - down

(i) The Army attempted unsuccessfully to overthrow the Government. (throw)
(ii) Scientists are on the brink of a major breakthrough in cancer research. (break)
(iii) The State Government plans to build an overpass for Bhubaneswar to speed up traffic on the main highway. (pass)
(iv) Gautama’s outlook on life changed when he realised that the world is full of sorrow. (look)
(v) Rakesh seemed unusually downcast after the game. (cast)

Saturday, January 13, 2024

Coorg by LOKESH ABROL - 10 MCQs for Practice

10 MCQs (Multiple Choice Questions) for Practice - Coorg by Lokesh Abrol

  1. Coorg is located:
    a) Between Mysore and Mangalore
    b) In the Himalayas
    c) Near the Arabian Sea
    d) In the Thar Desert
  2. The main crop grown in Coorg is:
    a) Tea
    b) Rice
    c) Wheat
    d) Coffee
  3. Which of the following activities is NOT mentioned as available for tourists in Coorg?
    a) Birdwatching
    b) Mountain biking
    c) Shopping for spices
    d) Visiting coffee plantations
  4. The Kaveri river is important to Coorg because:
    a) It provides drinking water for the people
    b) It is a popular tourist destination
    c) It supplies water for the coffee plantations
    d) All of the above
  5. Which sentence best describes the Kodavu people?
    a) They are known for their religious diversity.
    b) They are famous for their hospitality and storytelling.
    c) They are skilled farmers and fishermen.
    d) They live in large, extended families.
  6. Which literary device is used in the sentence "This land of rolling hills is inhabited by a proud race of martial men, beautiful women and wild creatures"?
    a) Simile
    b) Metaphor
    c) Personification
    d) Hyperbole
  7. How does the passage suggest the connection between the Kodavu people and nature?
    a) They wear traditional clothing made from natural materials.
    b) They live in houses built from wood and bamboo.
    c) They have many stories about animals and the forest.
    d) All of the above
  8. What piece of evidence supports the theory that the Kodavu people might have Greek ancestry? a) Their love of coffee
    b) Their skill in martial arts
    c) Their long, black coats
    d) Their colorful religious ceremonies
  9. What is the main difference between the monsoon and dry seasons in Coorg?
    a) The temperature
    b) The amount of rainfall
    c) The types of activities available
    d) The traditions celebrated by the people
  10. Why might the author mention the fact that the Kodavus are allowed to carry firearms without a license?
    a) To show their connection to the Indian Army
    b) To emphasize their fierce and independent nature
    c) To warn tourists about potential danger
    d) To explain a unique cultural practice


  1. a) Between Mysore and Mangalore
  2. d) Coffee
  3. c) Shopping for spices
  4. d) All of the above
  5. b) They are famous for their hospitality and storytelling.
  1. c) Personification
  2. d) All of the above
  3. c) Their long, black coats
  4. b) The amount of rainfall
  5. b) To emphasize their fierce and independent nature

Bonus Questions

  1. If you were planning a one-day trip to Coorg, which three activities would you choose from the passage and why?
  2. Imagine you are a Kodavu storyteller. Write a short tale about a brave ancestor who encountered a wild elephant in the forest.
  3. Compose a haiku poem inspired by the description of the misty landscape of Coorg.
  4. Research the history of the Coorg Regiment and present your findings in a brief infographic.
  5. Compare Coorg to another hill station in India, like Munnar or Darjeeling. What are the key similarities and differences in terms of scenery, activities, and culture?
  1. Do you think the author's description of Coorg is too idealized or unrealistic? Explain your answer.
  2. What are some potential challenges or drawbacks that tourists might face when visiting Coorg?
  3. How might the increasing popularity of tourism in Coorg affect the local environment and culture?
  4. Discuss the ethical implications of allowing the Kodavus to carry firearms without a license.
  5. Imagine you are the Chief Minister of Karnataka. What policies would you implement to protect the natural beauty and cultural heritage of Coorg while promoting sustainable tourism?

Coorg by LOKESH ABROL Summary and Q&A Solved Explained


Nestled between Mysore and Mangalore, Coorg, India's smallest district, charms with misty hills, lush rainforests, and coffee plantations. The fiercely independent Kodavu people, with possible Greek or Arab ancestry, call this land home. Coffee reigns supreme, filling the air with its invigorating aroma. Adventure seekers can kayak in rivers, trek through forests, or even encounter wild elephants. Don't miss the panoramic views from Brahmagiri hills or a walk across the rope bridge to Nisargadhama Island. For a true Coorgi experience, stay in a coffee estate or home and soak in the warm hospitality. Madikeri, easily accessible by air, rail, or road, is your gateway to this hidden gem of India.

Multiple Choice Questions for Extra Practice 

Thinking About the Text

1. Where is Coorg?

Coorg, also known as Kodagu, is the smallest district of Karnataka, India. It sits midway between Mysore and the coastal town of Mangalore.

2. What is the story about the Kodavu people's descent?

There are two main stories about the Kodavu people's descent:

  • Greek descent: One story suggests that part of Alexander's army settled in Coorg when returning south became impractical. Their intermarriage with locals supposedly led to the martial traditions and distinct cultural practices of the Kodavus.
  • Arab descent: Another theory draws support from the long, black coat worn by Kodavus (kuppia) resembling the kuffia worn by Arabs and Kurds.

3. What are some of the things you now know about:

(i) the people of Coorg:

They are fiercely independent and known for their martial traditions. They have a distinct culture with unique marriage and religious rites, different from mainstream Hinduism. Hospitality is deeply ingrained in their traditions, and they love sharing stories of their valorous ancestors. Kodavus are the only people in India allowed to carry firearms without a license.

(ii) the main crop of Coorg:

Coffee is the main crop of Coorg. The region is famous for its coffee plantations and invigorating coffee aroma.

(iii) the sports it offers to tourists:

Coorg offers a variety of high-energy adventure activities like river rafting, canoeing, rappelling, rock climbing, and mountain biking. Numerous walking trails cater to trekkers.

(iv) the animals you are likely to see in Coorg:

Wild elephants are often encountered in the forests. The Kaveri river is home to mahaseer fish, kingfishers, squirrels, langurs, and elephants. Birds, bees, butterflies, macaques, Malabar squirrels, and slender loris can be spotted in the tree canopy.

(v) its distance from Bangalore, and how to get there:

Coorg is around 250-260 km from Bangalore. Madikeri, the district headquarters, is the main gateway and offers various accommodation options like resorts, coffee estates, and homestays. YOne can reach Coorg by air (Mangalore or Bangalore airports), train (Mysore, Mangalore, or Hassan), or road (via Mysore or Neelamangal).

4. Here are six sentences with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look in the paragraphs indicated)

(i) During monsoons it rains so heavily that tourists do not visit Coorg. (para 2)

ANSWER: "to keep many visitors away"

(ii) Some people say that Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled there. (para 3)

ANSWER: "As one story goes" 

(iii) The Coorg people are always ready to tell stories of their sons’ and fathers’ valour. (para 4)

ANSWER: "are more than willing"

(iv) Even people who normally lead an easy and slow life get smitten by the high-energy adventure sports of Coorg. (para 6)

ANSWER: "The most laidback individuals become converts"

(v) The theory of the Arab origin is supported by the long coat with embroidered waist-belt they wear. (para 3)

ANSWER: "draws support"

(vi) Macaques, Malabar squirrels observe you carefully from the tree canopy. (para 7) 

ANSWER: "keep a watchful eye"

Multiple Choice Questions for Extra Practice 

A Baker from Goa by LUCIO RODRIGUES - Glimpses of India Q&A Solved and Explained

 Summary of A Baker from Goa by Lucio Rodrigues

In the sun-drenched villages of Goa, nostalgia weaves a fragrant tale around fresh bread and the bakers who bring it to life. Elders whisper of Portuguese times, when loaves were legendary and "paders," the bakers, held a central place. Though those times have faded, the spirit endures. Timeworn furnaces still glow, their flames fueled by generations of mixers, moulders, and bakers. The rhythmic "thud and jingle" of the pader's bamboo staff, once a morning serenade, still echoes in some corners, announcing his arrival. He may not wear the flowing "kabai" of old, but his presence remains just as vital.

For children, the baker wasn't just a tradesman; he was a friend, a harbinger of sweet treats. His twice-daily visits, laden with warm bread and playful "bread-bangles," were eagerly awaited. Hygiene routines blurred into the background as hot tea washed away crumbs and the joy of fresh bread took hold. In a time marked by simpler rhythms, the pader's role transcended mere commerce. His creations were woven into the fabric of every celebration, from wedding feasts graced with "bol" to festive tables overflowing with cakes and "bolinhas." His furnace stood as a symbol of the village's very heartbeat.

And the paders themselves? Their prosperity mirrored the bounty they baked. Plump and robust, like ripe jackfruits, they were a testament to a thriving profession. Even today, this roundness invites playful comparisons, a reminder of a legacy carried from father to son, generation to generation.

In Goa, the story of bread is not just about sustenance; it's about community, tradition, and the enduring magic of a simple loaf, forever echoing with the rhythmic "thud and jingle" of the pader's bamboo staff.

Oral Comprehension Check

1. What are the elders in Goa nostalgic about? 

The elders in Goa are nostalgic about the Portuguese days, specifically the Portuguese bakers and their famous loaves of bread. They fondly remember the bakers themselves, the age-old tradition of bread-making, and the role the baker played in their childhoods.

2. Is bread-making still popular in Goa? How do you know? 

Yes, bread-making is still popular in Goa. The passage mentions several details that point to this:
  • The "makers are still there," referring to the bakers, mixers, moulders, and furnace operators.
  • "Those age-old, time-tested furnaces still exist," indicating the longevity of the tradition.
  • The baker's son "still carries on the family profession," showing the continuation of the tradition across generations.
  • The baker's "jingling thud" can still be heard in some places, suggesting the practice hasn't entirely disappeared.
3. What is the baker called? 

The baker is called "pader" in Goa.

 4. When would the baker come everyday? Why did the children run to meet him?

The baker would come at least twice a day. Once in the morning, "when he set out on his selling round."  and again "when he returned after emptying his huge basket." The children ran to meet him both times; initially, not for the loaves, but for the "bread-bangles" they'd choose and later, for the "musical entry" and the excitement of his arrival.

5. Match the following. What is a must
(i) as marriage gifts? – cakes and bolinhas
(ii) for a party or a feast? – sweet bread called bol
(iii) for a daughter’s engagement? – bread
(iv) for Christmas? – sandwiches 

(i) as marriage gifts? – sweet bread called bol

(ii) for a party or a feast? – bread

(iii) for a daughter’s engagement? – sandwiches

(iv) for Christmas? – Cakes and bolinhas

2. What did the bakers wear: (i) in the Portuguese days? (ii) when the author was young?

(i) In the Portuguese days: The passage says they wore a "peculiar dress known as the kabai." It was a "single-piece long frock reaching down to the knees."

(ii) When the author was young: In the author's childhood, they saw bakers wearing "a shirt and trousers which were shorter than full-length ones and longer than half pants."

3. Who invites the comment — “he is dressed like a pader”? Why?

Anyone who wears "a half pant which reaches just below the knees" invites the comment. This is because the short trousers the bakers wore in the author's youth seem similar to these half-pants. People jokingly reference the old style associated with bakers.

4. Where were the monthly accounts of the baker recorded? 5. What does a ‘jackfruit -like appearance’ mean? 

A "jackfruit-like appearance" refers to someone who is heavy-set or plump, similar to the round shape of a jackfruit. This comparison again reflects the traditional image of bakers being well-fed and prosperous.

Thinking About the Text

1. Which of these statements are correct?

(i) The pader was an important person in the village in old times. (TRUE)

(ii) Paders still exist in Goan villages. (TRUE)

(iii) The paders went away with the Portuguese. (FALSE)

(iv) The paders continue to wear a single-piece long frock. (FALSE)

(v) Bread and cakes were an integral part of Goan life in the old days. (TRUE)

(vi) Traditional bread-baking is still a very profitable business. (FALSE)

(vii) Paders and their families starve in the present times. (FALSE)

2. Is bread an important part of Goan life? How do you know this?

Bread is an important part of Goan life. This is evident as the author describes bread as essential for celebrations and daily meals, with even sweets like bol and bolinhas having significant roles. Morover the text highlights bread's cultural importance in marriage celebrations and festivals, emphasizing the presence of baker's furnaces as essential.

3. Tick the right answer. What is the tone of the author when he says the following?

(i) The thud and the jingle of the traditional baker’s bamboo can still be heard in some places. (nostalgic, hopeful, sad)

(ii) Maybe the father is not alive but the son still carries on the family profession. (nostalgic, hopeful, sad)

(iii) I still recall the typical fragrance of those loaves. (nostalgic, hopeful, naughty)

(iv) The tiger never brushed his teeth. Hot tea could wash and clean up everything so nicely, after all. (naughty, angry, funny)

(v) Cakes and bolinhas are a must for Christmas as well as other festivals.

(sad, hopeful, matter-of-fact)

(vi) The baker and his family never starved. They always looked happy and prosperous. (matter-of-fact, hopeful, sad


I. In this extract, the author talks about traditional bread-baking during his childhood days. Complete the following table with the help of the clues on the left. Then write a paragraph about the author's childhood days. 

In Goa, childhood mornings often began with a rhythmic symphony – the thud and jingle of the pader's bamboo staff announcing the arrival of fresh bread. This baker, no longer adorned in the traditional long kabai, sported knee-length shorts, eliciting playful comparisons to the paders of old. Yet, his importance remained constant. Each month, his bills, meticulously listed on the wall in pencil, transitioned from chalky marks to gleaming coins, highlighting the baker's essential role in the village. His physique, however, spoke volumes about the profession's success – a testament to the bounty born from his age-old clay furnaces, reflected in his rounded, jackfruit-like figure. Before the day fully bloomed, children, not interested in the adult loaves, would gather, eyes sparkling with anticipation. Their prize lay not in the crusty goodness, but in the sweet, braided "bread-bangles" woven like edible bracelets. These mornings, painted with the fragrance of warm bread and laced with childhood laughter, formed an indelible portrait of Goan life, a legacy passed down from pader to pader, generation to generation.