Wednesday, November 30, 2022

Chapter 5 - Footprints without Feet - Class X - English - Solved Questions and Answers - NCERT

 Read and Find Out

Q1. How did the invisible man first become visible?

ANSWER:  Griffin the scientist was completely invisible until he stepped in some mud, which caused him to leave footprints as he walked but his body was visible yet. He became completely visible when stealthily entered into a big London store and wore warm cloths stolen from there.

Q2. Why was he wandering the streets?

ANSWER: Griffin's landlord disliked him because of his eccentric behaviour therefore the landlord asked Griffin to vacate the rented house. In revenge Griffin set fire to his house. In order to escape he had to remove his clothes. This was why he had become a homeless wanderer—without clothes and money.

Q3. Why does Mrs. Hall find the scientist eccentric?

ANSWER: Mrs. Hall finds the scientist Mr. Griffin eccentric because of his uncommon appearance. He had wrapped bandages around his forehead, wore dark glasses, a false nose, big bushy side-whiskers, and a large hat. When Mrs. Hall tried to strike a conversation he told her that he had no desire to talk to anyone and his reason for coming to Iping was for solitude.

Q4. What curious episode occurs in the study?

ANSWER: The curious episode that occurred was that the clergyman and his wife were awakened by noises coming from the study. They could hear the chink of money being taken from the desk. But when they opened the door they found nobody in the room. 

Q5. What other extraordinary things happen at the inn?

ANSWER: The other extraordinary things that happened at the inn was the Mrs. Hall found Griffin's room open and when she and her husband went inside out of curiosity there was not one. They found his bedclothes cold, his usual clothes and hat lying about the room. To their surprise the chair started moving about and charged towards them and pushed them outside the room apparently on its own.

THINK ABOUT IT

Q1. “Griffin was rather a lawless person.” Comment.

ANSWER: Griffin never bothered about the law when it came to fulfil his own desires. When his landlord asked him to leave he set his house on fire and ran away. He stole from the store and playhouse and later in the village of Iping from the clergyman. All these incidents indicate that he was a lawless person.

Q2. How would you assess Griffin as a scientist?

ANSWER: Griffin discovered the scientific formula to make a human body invisible. This shows that he was a brilliant scientist. But instead of sharing his achievement with the scientific community he seemed to enjoy the power of invisibility and abuse it.


TALK ABOUT IT

    1. Would you like to become invisible? What advantages and disadvantages do you foresee, if you did?

    Yes, it would be so exciting to become invisible. This adventurous and unique experience of being invisible will enable me to help the poor and the deprived section of the society. I would hep the police to catch the criminals.
    But the invisibility will also deprive me of my identity and I may lose my social capital of loving and being loved by family and friends. Therefore I would never prefer to be invisible permanently.

    Moreover if a person is determined he/she can achieve whatever  noble deeds that person desires to perform. History is witness that all the noble works have been done by people who remained 'visible'.


    2. Are there forces around us that are invisible, for example, magnetism? Are there aspects of matter that are ‘invisible’ or not visible to the naked eye? What would the world be like if you could see such forces or such aspects of matter?

    We human beings are surrounded by energies which are invisible and beyond human perception. Radio waves, infra red light, sound waves at certain frequencies and laser are some of the examples. It would be very disturbing and unnerving for human beings to see such things all around us and in many cases passing through our body such as neutrinos. About 100 trillion neutrinos pass through your body every second. If we happen to see it we won't be able to live normally I guess.



    Class 11 - English Core - Sample paper - Solved

    General Instructions:
    Time allowed: 3 hrs
    Max. Marks : 80
    (i) The Question paper is divided into three sections:
    Section A: Reading (26 marks)
    Section B: Writing Skills and Grammar (23 marks)
    Section C: Literature (31 marks)

    (ii) All questions are compulsory.

    (iii) You may attempt any section at a time. (ro) All questions of that particular section must be attempted in the correct order.

    Section A:- (Reading)
    1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

    1. We are what we eat. The type of food we eat has both immediate and long-term effects on us, at all the three levels-the body, the mind and the spirit. Food which is tamasik (i.e. stale or leftover) in nature is bound to generate stress as it tends to upset the normal functioning of the human body. Fresheners should be avoided. Taking piping hot tea/milk or steaming hot food, whenever available, must be preferred. Excessive use of condiments also disturbs one's usually calm attitude. Further, it is a mistaken belief that smoking or drinking, even in moderation, relieves stress. Simple meals with one or two food items, rather than too many lavish are advisable. Also, vegetarian diet is preferable. Although it is customary to serve fruits with food items, it is not the right thing to do. This is because different kinds of digestive secretions are produced by the stomach for variant food items. Mixing up too many varieties of food items in one meal creates problems for the digestive system. In fact, any one type of fruit, preferably taken in the morning, is better.
    2. On an average, we eat almost three to four times the quantity of food than we actually need. A lot of body's energy is used up for digesting the excess food. It is said that after a particular level of food intake, the 'food actually eats one up'.
    3. It is always good to eat a little less than your 'full-stomach' capacity. Besides, never eat food unless you are really hungry. To have dinner at 8 or 9 pm after a heavy snack around 5 or 6 pm in the evening is asking for trouble. In fact, skipping a meal is always good if the stomach is upset. There are varying views on the benefits of fasting, but we will not discuss them here. However, giving a break to one's stomach, at least once a week, by having only fruit or milk, etc., may be worth a try.
    4. While a little bit of water taken with meals is all right, drinking 30 to 60 ml of water with food is not advisable. Water, taken an hour or so before or after meals, is good for digestion. One's diet must be balanced with all the required nutrients for a healthy living.
    5. Also remember, excess of everything is bad. Related to the problem of stress, excessive intake of salt is definitely out. Too much of sugar, fried food and chilies are not good either. Over-indulgence and excessive craving for a particular taste/type of food generates rajasik (aggressive) or at worst, tamasik (dull) tendencies. An even more important aspect of the relationship between food and stress lies not so much in what or how much we eat but how the food is taken. For example, food eaten in great hurry or in a state of anger or any other negative state of mind is bound to induce stress. How the food is served is also very important. Not only the presentation, cutlery, crockery, etc., play a role, the love and affection with which the food is served is also significant. Finding faults with food while it is being eaten is a bad habit. It is better not to eat the food you do not like, rather than finding faults with it.
    6. It is good to have regular food habits. Workaholics who do not find time to eat food at proper meal time invite stomach ulcers. One must try to enjoy one's food, and therefore, eating at the so-called lunch/dinner meetings is highly inadvisable. Every morsel of food should be enjoyed with a totally peaceful state of mind. Food and discussions should not be mixed. There are accepted ways to 'charge' the food we eat. Prayer is perhaps 'the best method for energizing the food and it does definite additional good at no extra cost.
    By: Lt. Gen. M. M. Walia

    A. On the basis of your understanding of the passage answer the following questions by choosing the most appropriate option.
    (1 × 6 = 6)

    1.1. Tamasik food influences a person by
    (a) generating stress.
    (b) making a person energetic. 
    (c) generating large amount of energy
    (d) making a person bold

    1.2. Generally what incorrect belief do people practise at the table?
    (a) Smoking helps to digest food. 
    (b) Smoking or drinking even in moderation relieves stress.
    (c) Pickles add to taste
    (d) Condiments help to enhance appetite

    1.3. The writer says that the "food actually eats one up" because the
    (a) Digestion takes too much time.
    (b) Excessive intake of food takes a lot of body's energy to digest it.
    (c) Food sustains the body. 
    (d) Person becomes healthy.

    1.4. Rajasik tendencies are generated due to:
    (a) Over indulgence in fried food. 
    (b) Too much use of spicy food.
    (c) Over indulgence and excessive craving for a particular taste.
    (d) Excess of everything.

    1.5. Here, the word "charge" means
    (a) to impose or ask as a price or fee
    (b) to attack by rushing violently against
    (c) to accuse formally
    (d) to feel full of vigour

    1.6. What does 'induce' mean?
    (a) Reduce
    (b) Cause, influence
    (c) Aggressive
    (d) To intake

    B. Answer the following questions as briefly as possible: (Do any 4)

    2.1. ______should be avoided.

    2.2. It is always good to eat less than your ____ capacity.

    2.3. Water, taken an hour or so before or after meals, is good for____.

    2.4. _____who do not find them to eat food at proper meal times invite stomach ulcers.

    2.5. Find the word in the passage with the meaning to avoid extremes. (para 1)

    2.6. Find the word in the passage with the meaning not worth recommending. (para 6)

    (More questions will be uploaded soon).

    Tuesday, November 22, 2022

    Class 10 - NCERT - First Flight - The Ball Poem - Poem - John Berryman

    Central Idea of the Poem
     "The Ball Poem' looks like a simple story of a young boy losing his ball. The boy is severely upset over the loss. Normally, it may seem like a great overreaction. Children lose things as their toys and balls quite often. Usually, no fuss should be made about such a small thing. But the ball seems to be symbolising the poet's childhood. The boy becoming an adult, loses his childhood. He was clinging onto his childhood for so long. The poet accepts the changes in his life. Although he is still suffering yet he is learning to move on from his fleeting childhood. The true theme of the poem is that we should cherish every moment of life. Life is really very short. The poet realises that it is very difficult to deal with the loss but it must be done. We should move on as there is no use in wasting precious time and life.

    Main points of the poem:-
    1. The young boy lost his ball.
    2. He was playing and saw the ball bouncing down the street.
    3. Then, in the end the ball fell down into the water and lost forever. 
    4. The boy sees everything happening before his eyes but he is helpless. 
    5. He only stands there helplessly moaning at the loss of the ball.
    6. The loss of the ball may appear to be an ordinary incident.
    7. It seems that boys lose such balls many times while they are playing.
    8. The boy should not make a fuss over it. 
    9. The loss of ball is symbolic. It has a deeper meaning.

    (Question and answers will be uploaded soon)

    Tuesday, November 8, 2022

    Class 10 - NCERT - FIRST FLIGHT - CH 1 - A letter to God - by G.L. Fuentes

    Summary:-
    The story, ' A Letter To God ' is written by G.L. Fuentes. This is a story of a hardworking farmer Lencho, who is expecting a good harvest this year if it rains. The most awaited rain came but it did not stop as a shower of blessings but instead turned into a hailstorm which resulted in the ruining of Lencho's crops and field. Being deeply hurt, he has no other way to fulfill his family's needs then to to hope for help from God. Apart from being a hardworking farmer Lencho also had a firm faith in God. With this firm faith and determination he writes a letter to God asking God for a hundred pesos so he could sow his field again. He posts this letter and in the adress he wrote - ' to God '. When the postman reads the letter, he has a hearty laugh and shows the letter to the postmaster. The postmaster decides to help Lencho in order not to shake his faith in God. So the postmaster gives some part of his salary and asks for help from his employees and eventually was able to collect only seventy pesos. So he sends this money to Lencho through another letter signed as God. Lencho receives the letter and is momentarily happy. As he unfolds the letter he realises that there were only seventy pesos when Lencho asked for a hundred pesos from God. He thinks, God can't deceive him, it is the work of post office employees. He writes another letter to God asking Him not to send the remaining 30 pesos by mail as post office employees are a 'bunch of crooks'. The lesson shows three things. It shows Lencho's firm faith in God. His faith is rewarded though the helpers are human beings. Secondly, it shows the utter innocence of the farmer, Lencho. Thirdly, the lesson gives a message that sometimes even your generosity is not recognised. You may not get any credit for your generosity and kindness. But on the other hand, you may be misunderstood as a 'bunch of crooks'.

    Main Points of the Story:-
    1. Lencho was a farmer.
    2. His house was the only house in the valley and on the top of a hill.
    3. Lencho's fields needed a rain for a good harvest.
    4. He looked expectantly at the sky and it did rain at last.
    5. The drops of rain was like the coins for him.
    6. But his happiness was short lived as very
    large hailstones began to fall after the rain. 
    7. The hailstones destroyed all the leaves on the trees, plants and flowers.
    8. There would be no crop that year.
    9. There was a single hope: help from God. 
    10. On the following Sunday, he wrote a letter  to God.
    11. He needed a hundred pesos to sow his fields again and to live until the new crop came.
    12. He wrote 'To God' on the envelope and put the letter into the mailbox.
    13. The postman laughed heartily and took it to the postmaster. 
    14. The postmaster laughed too but soon he became serious. 
    15. He decided to reply the letter and help Lencho.
    16. He collected seventy pesos only from his employees and himself contributed a part of his salary.
    17. He put the money in an envelope and posted it to Lencho.
    18. Lencho had an unbroken faith in God and he was not surprised when he received the money.
    19. His happiness was turned into anger as there were thirty pesos short of the money. 
    20. Lencho could never believe that God could
    ever deceive him.
    21. So, he wrote another letter to God reminding Him that he received only 70 pesos sent by Him.
    22. He asked God not to send the rest of 30 pesos through the mail as the post office employees were a 'bunch of crooks'.

    Character Sketch:-
    1. Lencho: Lencho was a man of limited means and earned his living by farming his fields. He had an unshaken faith in God. He believed that God always helps the people with a clear conscience. Therefore, when he lost all hopes and he and his family were on the verge of starvation, he looked towards God for help. His deep faith in God even impressed the postmaster who decided to help him.
    He was educated enough to write a letter. He shows his innocence by trying to have a correspondence with God directly.
    While he had an unshaken faith in God, he mistrusted easily the motives of men. He could never know and nor did he ever try to know who had sent him those seventy pesos to help him.

    2. Postmaster: The postmaster has all that is good in human thinking and behaviour. He has thorough understanding of a sharp, sympathetic and sensitive mind. He knows how the mind of a God-fearing rustic like Lencho works. He doesn't want to break the deep faith of Lencho in God. First, he laughed at the man who wanted to have a direct correspondence with God. After reading the letter, he was deeply moved and impressed by Lencho's faith in God. He knew that merely goodwill was not sufficient. The farmer needed financial help. So he collected a sum of 70 pesos from his employees. He also contributed a part of his salary and sent the money to Lencho.

    3. The Post Office Employees: The post-office employees make every effort to help Lencho. They believed that only an innocent and foolish farmer can write a letter to God. They were considerate and full of compassion. They wondered at the faith of the man who wrote that leer. But they contributed something for an 'act of charity'. They couldn't collect the hundred pesos but sent only seventy pesos to Lencho. Only a single word was written as a signature: "God".

    (Q and A will be uploaded soon)